The equity is fairness both in treatment and in the distribution of goods and opportunities. Equity is not “giving everyone the same” but giving each one what corresponds to him, that is, the differences in each case are taken into account. The social equity and social justice are the practices that suggest that all people have access to the same opportunities for professional and economic development as well as access to health and education. 5 Examples of Equity.
In countries where the income of different sectors of the population is very unequal, the State must be responsible for ensuring social equity. Other sectors may suffer from social inequality not only for economic reasons but also for other forms of discrimination such as ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation. 5 Examples of Equity.
Measures and policies that tend to guarantee the same rights for men and women are called gender equity or gender equality. 5 Examples of Equity.
Examples of equity
- Equity of wages. Employees who fulfill the same functions and have the same amount of work receive the same salary, regardless of their gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation or any other individual characteristic.
- Overtime pay. Equity also means that the more work you get the more profit. Therefore, if an employee works more than others at the request of the company, equity indicates that he must earn an extra percentage or obtain some other type of benefit.
- Labor quota laws. In different societies, there are groups that are discriminated against and therefore do not obtain the same job opportunities. That is why labor quota laws are developed that require companies to have a certain minimum percentage of employees that belong to the discriminated group. Those laws may include women, different ethnicities or races or, as is currently the case in Argentina, the inclusion of transsexual people.
- Access to education. The free distribution of school supplies, books, netbooks, and overalls to state schools in deprived areas facilitates access to education for children who come from families who could not afford those expenses. The distribution of breakfasts and school canteens also facilitate school attendance. However, not all students need this help, so not all schools have it.
- State mortgage loans. Banks make loans at high rates because, as companies, their goal is to make money. That is also the reason why they do not make loans to people who may have difficulty repaying them. However, the State can grant loans to people with limited resources and with lower interests, allowing the purchase of their own homes to people who otherwise would not have been able to access them.