A generic drug is one that is distributed without a commercial name and that has the same concentration and dosage as its proprietary brand equivalent and produces the same effects like it. A commercial drug is one that bears a trademark patent, so no pharmaceutical company can synthesize and market that drug unless it includes other excipients in its formulation.
Generics are drugs or products that are not distributed under a brand name. In the case of drugs, these are marketed at the same concentration and dose as the brand equivalent, including different excipients.
For the WHO, a generic is a drug that is marketed under the name of the active ingredient it contains and that is bioequivalent to the original brand, that is, it has the same composition and pharmaceutical form and its bioavailability is similar.
They can be identified because a commercial name does not appear on the packaging of the drug, but rather the name of the active ingredient followed by the manufacturing laboratory.
Generics are marketed after the patent on the brand-name drug has expired and provided that the original quality and bioequivalence conditions are met.
They are less expensive drugs, as they do not require investment in research. They also comply with the same health records and have the same effectiveness.
They are drugs or products that when discovered for the first time, are given a chemical name or an ideal code name to refer to it. In the case of medicines, if it is approved by official health organizations, it can be prescribed and two names will be assigned, a generic name and a trading name or registered trademark, which will identify it as the property of a company.
They are much more expensive than a generic drug because the laboratory thus recovers the investment made in its research.
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Differences between generic and commercial
- A generic drug is one that contains the same active ingredients as a brand-name drug but is marketed under the name of the active ingredient. They are just as effective as they must pass bioavailability and efficacy tests.
- Generic drugs are cheaper.
- Brand name drugs are synthesized by the laboratories that have been in charge of their research. When they are developed, they receive a patent that prevents them from being synthesized by another laboratory in 20 years.