The Differences between Independence and Autonomy is given here. Independence and autonomy are different concepts used in politics and in everyday life. Independence in its political concept indicates the formation or restoration of a country after separating from another, while autonomy in a country indicates that territory has a certain degree of autonomy in its laws and organization, but they respond to a central government.
The concept of independence as a political concept appeared with the Declaration of Independence of the USA in 1776 before European colonialism and was extended with the Act of Independence of Haiti and the declarations of the Spanish-American countries that would depend on the Spanish empire. Independence is the formation or restoration of one country by separating from another.
Independence is also a condition of an individual or an organism that has no dependency on an agent other than themselves. It is the quality of individuals who have the condition to defend and develop.
Independence needs freedom, to be able to decide and the staging of actions that do not depend on an order established by some external agent.
Autonomy comes from the Latin word auto which means “oneself” and nomo which means the norm. This means that autonomy is the capacity that an entity has to establish its rules and to be governed to make decisions.
For psychology, autonomy is the ability of an individual to think, feel, and make decisions. This encompasses a series of characteristics or elements that relate to personal self-management.
In the political aspect, autonomy defines those countries or regions that have some freedom to establish their laws and government but respond to a central government.
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Differences between Independence and Autonomy
- Independence is a political concept that establishes the decentralization of power. It is the formation or restoration of a country by separating from another.
- Independence is the freedom to decide and the staging of actions without an order established by an external order.
- Autonomy is a regime that decentralizes power in which certain territories of a country have certain legislative and judicial powers.
- Autonomy is the ability of a person to think, feel, and make their own decisions.