Chemistry is the science that studies matter, in terms of its composition, structure, and properties. Also study the changes that matter undergoes, which can be caused by chemical reactions or by the intervention of energy. Basically there are two main types of chemistry, organic and inorganic chemistry. In this post, you’ll learn the difference
between organic and inorganic chemistry.
What are the main types of chemistry?
- Organic chemistry: studies of carbon compounds and derivatives.
- Inorganic chemistry: refers to all elements and compounds with exceptions of carbon derivatives.
- Phytochemistry: studies the relationship between matter and energy in a reaction.
- Analytical chemistry: establishes methods and techniques to analyze the chemical composition of substances.
- Biochemistry: studies the chemical reactions that take place in living organisms.
The division between organic and inorganic chemistry comes from the time when all carbon compounds came from living things. However, there are currently carbon-containing substances that are studied by inorganic chemistry: graphite, diamond, carbonates, and bicarbonates, carbide.
Although previously there was a division between organic and inorganic chemistry because the second was the one used in industry, today there is a wide industrial field of application of organic chemistry, such as pharmacology and agrochemistry.
Both disciplines study the reaction and interaction of elements and compounds, the difference is that organic chemistry concentrates on the molecules formed by carbon + hydrogen + oxygen, and their interaction with other molecules.
- It can help you: Examples of Chemistry in Everyday Life
Inorganic chemistry studies :
- The constituent elements of the periodic table.
- Coordination chemistry.
- The chemistry of metal-metal bond compounds.
Organic chemistry studies :
- The behavior of carbon molecules.
- Chemical processes that take place in the cell.
- Chemical phenomena on which living things depend.
- Chemical metabolism in different organisms, including humans.
The organic compounds may actually be of natural or synthetic origin.
Although they are different specialties, both disciplines have points in common and can be combined to achieve different objectives (industry, food, petrochemicals, etc.)
Examples of inorganic chemistry
- Engineering: The construction of any type of building or machinery requires a knowledge of the chemistry of the materials used (resistance, hardness, flexibility, etc.). The branch of inorganic chemistry that deals with this topic is materials science.
- Pollution studies: Geochemistry (branch of inorganic chemistry) studies the contamination of water, the atmosphere, and the soil.
- Precious stone appreciation: The value of minerals is determined by their chemical composition.
- Oxide: the appearance of oxide in metals is a reaction studied by inorganic chemistry. Anti-rust paints are achieved thanks to the intervention of inorganic chemistry in their manufacture.
- Soap Making: Sodium hydroxide is an inorganic chemical compound used to make soaps.
- Salt: Common salt is an inorganic compound that we use every day.
- Batteries: Commercial batteries contain silver oxide.
- Fizzy Drinks: Fizzy drinks are made with the inorganic chemical compound phosphoric acid.
Examples of organic chemistry
- Soap making: As we saw, soaps are produced by an inorganic chemical. However, they can also include organic chemicals such as animal fats or vegetable oils and essences.
- Breathing: Breathing is one of the processes that organic chemistry studies, observing how oxygen is associated with different substances (organic and inorganic) to pass from the air to the respiratory system, to the circulatory system, and finally to cells.
- Energy storage: Lipids and carbohydrates are organic compounds that serve living beings to store energy.
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics can contain both organic and inorganic substances. However, its design depends on the knowledge of the microorganisms that affect the body.
- Preservatives: Many of the preservatives used for food are inorganic substances, but they respond to the characteristics of organic food chemicals.
- Vaccines: Vaccines are attenuated doses of disease-causing organisms. The presence of these microorganisms allows the body to develop the necessary antibodies to be immune to the disease.
- Paints: Paints are made from acetaldehyde.
- Alcohol (ethanol): Alcohol is an organic substance with many uses: disinfection, coloration, beverages, cosmetics, food preservation, etc.
- Butane gas: Used in homes for cooking, heating, or heating water.
- Polyethylene: It is the most widely used plastic and is made from ethylene, an alkene hydrocarbon.
- Leather: Leather is an organic product that achieves its final consistency thanks to a process called tanning, in which the organic chemical acetaldehyde intervenes.
- Pesticides: Pesticides can include inorganic but also organic substances, such as chlorobenzene, an aromatic hydrocarbon that is used as a pesticide solvent.
- Rubber: Rubber can be natural (obtained from the sap of plants) or artificial, created from butene, an alkene hydrocarbon.
- Agrochemistry: In agrochemistry, products derived from aniline, a type of amine, are used.
- Dietary supplements: Many dietary supplements include inorganic substances such as salts and minerals. However, they also include organic substances like amino acids.
See more: Examples of Organic Chemistry