The Differences between Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry is given here. It is common for us to confuse both branches of chemistry, however, they are responsible for studying two different types of elements and products.
Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that is responsible for studying a large type of molecules that mostly contain carbon, forming carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen covalent bonds and other heteroatoms that are also known as organic compounds.
Because it studies compounds with carbon, this branch is also known as carbon chemistry.
The beginning of organic chemistry dates back to the work of Friedrich Wöhler in 1828 on the synthesis of urea. It was established as a discipline in the 1930s with the development of new methods for the analysis of substances of animal and vegetable origin using solvents such as ether or alcohol, which allowed the isolation of organic substances considered as immediate principles.
Organic chemistry classifies organic compounds as follows:
- According to its origin.
- According to its structure
- According to its functionality.
- According to its molecular weight.
Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that is responsible for studying the formation, composition, structure, and chemical reactions of inorganic elements and compounds. That is, those that do not have carbon-hydrogen bonds. Classify inorganic compounds according to their function in acids, bases, oxides, and salts.
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Differences between Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry
- Organic chemistry is the one in charge of the study of those substances and compounds that carry carbon inside them, forming carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen covalent bonds.
- Inorganic chemistry is one that studies all those elements and compounds that do not carry carbon in their bonds.
- Organic chemistry classifies compounds based on their function, molecular weight, and functionality.
- Inorganic chemistry classifies compounds according to their function.