20 Examples of Technological Disasters are given here. In the social sphere, the word disaster is used to refer to episodes in which an event occurs that causes much of a city or country to be destroyed with enormous civil and material losses. People’s capacity to react is overwhelmed, including institutions prepared to react to such disasters.
Natural disasters are the product of the action of nature, however, sometimes these are in turn due to human activity: environmental pollution and the erroneous and irrational exploitation of renewable natural resources produces a number of negative effects on nature, which has been shown to have repercussions in this type of disaster in the long run.
Technological disasters are those accidents resulting from handling dangerous equipment, causing damage to the environment, health, socio-economic component, and the productive infrastructure of a nation or system.
As they are technological advances, development often occurs in a planned manner, and teams evolve taking into account failure possibilities: a technological disaster involves overcoming all these alternatives, completely saturating the expected operation of the equipment. or chemical substances.
Examples of technological disasters
|Methyl isocyanate gas leak in India|
|Pipeline explosion in Nigeria|
|Explosion at a Virginia coal mine.|
|The explosion of a French explosives freighter for the First World War.|
|Explosions at the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan.|
|Tragedy in Amuay, in Venezuela.|
|The explosion of an ammunition deposit in Lagos in 2002|
|The city of Peshawar in Pakistan.|
|The Texas city disaster in a fire aboard the cargo ship SS Grandcamp.|
|Pollution in Lake Karachay in Russia|
|The Bhopal disaster in India.|
|Fire of a fuel tank in Egypt.|
|The Citrarum River in Indonesia.|
|Pollution in the city of Linfen, China.|
|The explosion of a chemical plant in Germany|
|The explosion of a pipeline in Brazil.|
|Ammonia explosion in the USA|
|Garbage Island in the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii.|
|Chain of explosions at an LP gas plant in Mexico|
Prevention and Security
The incidence of technological accidents was increasing, as technology progressed, especially as a result of the production, storage, and use of a greater number of new substances, and the invention of new technologies.
This is why much progress has been made in the prevention and warning of these situations. Any noxious or harmful material that during some of the stages of its generation may emit fumes, gases, vapors, dust, or fibers of a dangerous nature (by explosive, flammable, toxic, infectious, radioactive, or irritant) is considered a dangerous substance and Alert those who manipulate it.
The industrial safety, development of regulatory documents, the continuous updating of risk studies, simulations, and supervision in protection against possible technological disasters contribute to better response and therefore reduce the risks possible, by what most countries establish regulations in this regard.
While the effects of technological disasters are generally seen directly at the time these disasters occur, there are times when the consequences are long-term. The chemical contamination of water, the contamination of soil, food chain or common products of home, as well as adverse effects on health or the environment, can last for years, being a result of a disaster of this kind.