The disaster is known to events occurring within a community and affecting extensive damage or destruction, enough to disrupt the normal operation of that place leaving a lot of civilian casualties, while serious consequences on economic and environmental.
On many occasions, the concept of disaster is associated only with events produced by nature. However, the category of anthropic disasters is established to speak of the danger that the actions of man can reach the condition of disaster.
There are many issues that can cause the human activity to develop in disaster situations.
Man transforms his geography by overpopulating space with megacities and establishing himself by force in physical spaces previously reserved exclusively for nature. It is the species with the greatest predatory power since its destruction capacity has the same momentum and strength as its development
In addition to the events produced by the advancement of man in nature, disasters may be due to a purely cultural question, that is, a disaster caused by the generalization of violence within a society.
Sometimes, humans intentionally inflict suffering on others, motivated by cultural issues such as ideology or extreme nationalism.
Violence as a social process dates back to ancient times, and it is correct to say that it has also evolved, developing from the most precarious battle between men without weapons to battles with white weapons and then with chemical weapons: currently, violence can be perpetrated between people at very long distances through machines, thousands of kilometers from the event they are producing.
Examples of anthropic disasters
|Nuclear bombings on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.|
|American Civil War.|
|British Airways Flight 9.|
|Mexican Civil War.|
|First World War.|
|Southern Airways Flight 242.|
|Yellowstone Forest Fire, in 1988.|
|Malpasset Dam Disaster|
|Persian Gulf War.|
|Sink of the K-219 submarine|
|South African apartheid.|
|Spanish Civil War.|
Danger and Protection
Exposure to anthropogenic disasters is one of the causes that delays a country in terms of human development, and coverage with respect to this kind of events, on the contrary, makes some countries become the ones with the best quality of life. However, violence can also be generated within the countries that have better indicators in this regard.
One of the fundamental causes of anthropogenic disasters is the lack of prevention since it is thought that with the levels of technologicals produced to date many of the disasters can be easily avoided.
The greatest damages in anthropogenic disasters are civil losses, economic and production losses, also in terms of institutional services and community organization.
However, when it comes to cultural processes, this type of disaster can have a deeper consequence in a society, which is the absolute separation of its members, motivated by the differences brought about by the process of violence: it is very difficult to overcome these differences, even decades after the episode.