The common tomato comes from the Solanum Lycopersicum plant, it is a spherical fruit with a red flesh with smooth skin. The tree tomato comes from the Solanum betaceum plant, it is a berry with an orange or red pulp with abundant black seeds.
Its scientific name is Solanum Lycopersicum. The tomato comes from a species of herbaceous plant that belongs to the Solanum genus of the Solanaceae family. The tomato is a native fruit of Central and South America and began to be consumed as food 2,500 years ago in Mexico.
Tomatoes are consumed fresh and processed in various ways, such as pureed, juices, sauces, dehydrated, and canned.
The tomato plant is annual or perennial. It has an erect, cylindrical stem that falls and becomes angular as it grows. It has villi in most of its organs and has glands that secrete an aromatic green substance. This plant can grow up to 2.50 m and is highly branched.
Tomatoes are a low-calorie food, 100 g of tomatoes only provide 18 calories.
Generally spherical in appearance, tomatoes usually have a diameter of about three inches. Before maturing, their skin is green in color, which over time turns red.
The tomato is composed mainly of water, carbohydrates, vitamins C, B5, B2, and B1, and various minerals. Its flavor is between sweet and sour due to the presence of organic acids and simple sugars.
Its scientific name is Solanum betaceum. It is a fruit that comes from a 3-4 m tall shrub, with grayish bark and evergreen foliage. It is believed that it was indigenous to Peru, Bolivia, and some places in northern Argentina.
The plant from which this fruit comes has alternate, whole, dark green leaves. It has small pinkish-white flowers that grow in terminal clusters.
The tree tomato is an ovoid berry about 4 to 8 cm long and 3 to 5 cm wide. Their skin is smooth, red or orange in color. The pulp is juicy, acidic, orange, or red in color, with abundant seeds.
The fruits are edible, they can be eaten raw, in salads, in juices, or cooked to prepare soups and desserts.
suggested video: Common tomato and tree tomato
Difference between Common Tomato and Tree Tomato
- The common tomato comes from the Solanum Lycopersicum plant.
- The tree tomato comes from the Solanum betaceum plant.
- The common tomato is a fruit with a sweet or sour taste, red pulp, and smooth skin.
- The tree tomato is a smooth-skinned berry that is red or orange in color. Its shape is ovoid and its pulp is red, very rich in black seeds.