Knowledge is classified into two aspects, empirical and scientific. They differ in fundamental aspects. Empirical knowledge is that which comes from experience, tells us that it exists but does not certify the facts, while scientific knowledge confirms a truth, is verifiable knowledge, and follows a series of procedures to be considered as such.
What is Empirical knowledge?
Empirical knowledge is that which we obtain from experience. It is the perception that tells us what exists and what its characteristics are. This knowledge does not establish that something must be like this or must be the absolute truth because it is not verifiable. This knowledge is continually repeated whether or not it has scientific knowledge.
This knowledge has two characteristics:
Particular: It is one that cannot guarantee that what is known is always and in all cases.
Contingent: It is that object to which we attribute a property or characteristic that it may or may not have.
It is the knowledge of nature, it is universal and necessary knowledge. It is also known as vulgar or popular and is obtained by chance, by everyday life. It has no method or system. It is one that allows us to continue our daily life.
What is Scientific knowledge?
Scientific knowledge is that which is acquired through the use of the scientific method. It is one that is acquired in an organized way through processes that can be repeated to obtain the same results under controlled conditions.
empirical vs scientific
Difference between empirical and scientific knowledge
- Scientific knowledge is objective.
- Empirical knowledge is that which is subjective.
- Scientific knowledge is acquired through the use of the scientific method. It is obtained in an organized way and allows quantifying the relevant variables.
- Empirical knowledge is that which is acquired through practice or experience. It occurs without objective measurements and is a type of knowledge that cannot be verified or is maintained over time.