Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell

(i)Prokaryotic cellEukaryotic cell
1)Nuclear membrane is absent so they do not

have a distinct nucleus.

1)A double nuclear membrane is present so they

have a distinct nucleus.

2)They do not have many of the membrane-bound


2)They have membrane-bound structures or

organelles in theirs.

3)The cell membrane is present.3)the cell membrane is present.
4)DNA is in a naked form.4)DNA is in the chromosome.
5)Ribosomes are of smaller size and are freely

scattered in the cytoplasm.

5)Ribosomes are of larger size and are present

either attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or

freely suspended in the cytoplasm.

6)Cell wall is composed of peptidoglycan cell

mucin. Cellulose is absent.

6)The cell wall of plant cells is composed of cellulose.


The organisms made of prokaryotic cells are

called prokaryotes.

7)The organisms made of eukaryotic cells are

called eukaryotes.

8)Example: bacteria, cyanobacteria.8)Example: algae, fungi. Animals, plants,

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