Orthodox is that which is according to the opinion or belief held to be correct or true. Heterodoxy is that opinion or belief that is considered false or contrary to dogmas.
The term comes from the Latin orthodoxĭa, and the latter from the Greek orthós, “correct” or “straight” and doxa, “opinion” or “belief.” It is the opinion or belief that is considered correct or true. The authority sets the Orthodoxy, and in the absence of it, ideas and practices are accepted that, from the perspective of the group, are accepted by consensus.
It is usually applied to the doctrines or domes of religions and sects and in philosophical systems, it is also found in science, especially in the concepts of paradigm and scientific revolution.
In the oldest sense of Christianity, it applied to conformity to the faith of the early church.
Orthodoxy when it is assumed in power is based on ideological, political, economic, and social control mechanisms, highlighting its work in institutions, the media, and the level of development of society.
It refers to the quality of being dissatisfied with a dogma, particularly a religion. It is also understood as the doctrine or opinion that does not agree with that which is held by the majority of a group. It is usually the opinion that appears to the great majority as heretical, dissenting, unusual, or strange and can be rejected.
For intolerant societies where opinions and binding dogmas exist, heterodoxy is punished and those who support it are expelled, silenced, marginalized, or eliminated. In the religious sphere, it is called heresy.
For sociology, heterodoxy is an enriching, renewing, and energizing factor in society.
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Differences between Orthodox and Heterodox
- Orthodox thought is that opinion that goes according to the doctrines or dogmas considered to be true.
- Heterodox thinking is one that goes against what is indicated by doctrines or dogmas.