In spelling, elements are used which attach a meaning to the word. In the case of the prefix, add an initial base that allows complementation with graphemes, for example, API -cero. While the suffix uses the meaning according to the categorization of the word, for example, house.
The prefix is the combination of graphemes (letters) or morphemes (words), added at the base of a root word, and allows the derivation from the addition of categories or other morphemes to create new grammatical elements, for example, the supermarket.
The use of prefixes is to precede a root, in turn, the formation of new words and meanings since the union modifies the original as antistress would be the opposite of its base “stress”.
The suffix is a term used to categorize words. Its location is after the root of the grapheme. Its absence does not detract from the meaning of the word but rather detaches it from its categorization as diminutive, augmentative, singular, plural, feminine or masculine.
The use of the prefix modifies the base word and adds a new meaning according to the coherence that it wants to carry in the writing, for example, the small casita (diminutive of the base word that is home).
suggested video: Prefix vs Suffix
Difference between Prefix and Suffix in points
- The prefix precedes the base word. It goes before the root.
- The suffix is placed after the stem or base word.
- The prefix does not categorize the word, it does not add gender or quantity.
- The suffix in isolation does not give any meaning, for example, ito, ita, OTA, ado, edo.
- The prefix when it comes to an already formed word that will anticipate another root does have meaning even when it is isolated. Example: overall
- The use of the suffix is to categorize or add coherence to the text according to the derivation of the word in diminutive, augmentative, genders, and quantity.