The Basic Difference between Mitochondria and Plastids is that Mitochondria are present in All kinds of Eukaryotic Cells, While Plastids are only present in Plant Cells. More Differences between Mitochondria and Plastids are given below in the Comparison Table.
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Properties of Mitochondria
- They are found near the nucleus or aggregated in the peripheral cytoplasm.
- They are called the powerhouse of the cells as they provide energy by cellular respiration.
- They are bound by the two membranes.
- They contain respiratory enzymes.
- They are present both in plants and animal cells.
- Their number, shape, and structure vary widely.
Properties of Plastids
- They are found in roots, leaves, and green stems.
- They are called the food factories of the cells as they make food for plants in the process of photosynthesis.
- They are also bound by the two membranes.
- They contain pigments of various types.
- They are present only in plant cells.
- They also vary in number, size, and shape.
Difference Between Mitochondria and Plastids in Tabular Form
|They are found near the nucleus.|
|They are found in leaves, roots, and green stems.|
|They are called the powerhouse of the cells because they provide energy by cellular respiration.||They are called the food factories of the cells because they make food for plants by photosynthesis.|
|They are bound by the two membranes.|
|They are also bound by the two membranes.|
|They contain respiratory enzymes.|
|They contain pigments of various types.|
|They are present both in plants and animal cells.|
|They are present only in plant cells.|
|Their number, shape and structure vary widely.|
|They also vary in number, shape, and size.|